21st Century
Mining for
K-12 Educators

The processing and use of minerals and metals

Copper Smelting and Refining


This lecture, provided by Freeport McMoRan, Inc., describes how copper concentrates containing about 28% copper are converted to a 99.99% pure copper product and how other elements in the concentrate are recovered for use.

Educators who wish to use portions of these free online lectures are welcome to do so as long as credit is given to CMAEF for its content.

Request Help